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Diamond History

Diamond History

If you would ever come across a diamond in the rough, you would presumably not even look at it twice. But if the same piece of brilliance was presented to you in all its glow, you would find it difficult to put it down. This magic displays only due to its distinct beauty; beauty that can be handcrafted to perfection.

Diamond History

Diamonds have always been considered as a symbol of purity, durability and luxury. From the ancients Greeks to the modern-day, many are enamoured by its beauty and sparkle. Greeks thought that diamonds were tears of God and shards of Stars. Specialists suggest that diamonds were first found in India in 800 BC and Alexander the Great got the first diamonds to Europe in 327 BC from India. The value of diamonds as an embodiment of love dates back to 1447 when Archduke Maximilian of Austria presented Mary of Burgundy a diamond ring as ‘promise of marriage‘. This tradition can be traced back to the mid ages and Roman times. Italians thought diamonds could maintain harmony between couples and from there came the tradition of selecting a diamond in wedding rings.

Journey of Diamonds

Formation

Diamonds are known to make a difficult journey before they come to your jewellery box. The story of a diamond starts 100-200 miles below the Earth’s. Diamonds were formed billions of years ago due to comprehensive heat and pressure on carbon crystals. Later, volcanic movement forced diamonds up Earth’s surface via pipes or openings in the Earth. Some of them made their path to river beds, brooks and seas but the majority of diamonds dropped back into the Kimberlite pipes. It is said that the first diamonds were found as glittering stones near the course of an old river.

Mining

Once the diamonds are found, the method to get them can be long and clunky. It is said that it takes more than 250 tonnes of ore to create just 1 carat of the rough diamond. The ore goes through various stages of blasting, crushing and processing to procure the diamonds.

Sorting

Now that the rough diamonds have been removed from the ore, they go via sorting and category depending on their shape, size, quality and colour. Before they’re parted on to diamond cutters, expert sorters examine these rough pieces underneath X-rays which allows them to detect and sort them for their natural features.

Diamond Cutting and Polishing

The diamonds are then got to life by expert craftsmen who transform the rough diamonds to a sparkling presentation of deep feeling. Using detailed and laborious cutting processes, its illumination is revealed. The cutter uses cleaving, sawing or laser cutting to divide the original rough into shorter, workable pieces. The stone’s edges for that special design. 

Faceting trails next where 18 facets of the table, pavilion, culet and bezel are cut and polished than the next 40 facets – star facets, upper and lower girdle facets follow suit. Although most of the polishing work is computerized, some of the work is even done by hand to bring out its true shine. The best cutting method brings out the ultimate brilliance and most carat weight. An excellent cut and polished diamond, even if little in size, will stand out more than a badly cut big diamond.

Manufacturing and Setting

The finished gem is then boiled in acids to get alleviated of all dust and oil. The diamonds are now prepared to go out into the world and be set into final pieces of jewellery. They are sold to either wholesaler, who work as middlemen to deal with the manufacturer’s goods to the retailer or sold to the retailer by the manufacturer.
From jewellery showrooms and retailers, it gradually makes way into the hearts of consumers as lasting memories and moments of satisfaction.

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